Topic 2 Causes of destruction in architecture

Throughout history, there have been many valuable buildings and even cities that have been destroyed by various catastrophes, such as earthquakes, fires, floods, volcanic eruptions, and others. Some we know only from legends, like Atlantis.

Others from archaeological excavations like Pompeii. 

In addition to destruction beyond human control, wars have destroyed not only individual buildings, but even entire cities. As an example here may be Warsaw during World War II, or recently destroyed Aleppo or Ukrainian cities. 

In this case, however, we already have photos that can be the basis for reconstruction. The paintings are a much rarer example of documentation that allows reconstruction. But we will also show such examples in this chapter.


Partenon, destroyed in 16th century

Pompeii buried under 4 to 6 m of volcanic ash and pumice in the Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Belchite near Zaragoza, destroyed during the Spanish Civil War
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