Topic 1 Introduction

Both the planner and the architect had to present a plan of their activities in the form of a drawing. Technical drawing is the basis of architectural work, recently supported or even replaced by IT programs such as AutoCad. However, it is mainly used for internal work, for communication between the planner and the builder of the facility. This is the beginning of the work. 

In this module, we want to draw attention to drawings that play a different role. Drawings and painting, as well as photography, which are the final stage of the process. Their role is to capture the beauty of architecture and present it to a wider audience.

Cityscapes began to appear in Antiquity, but gained particular popularity in the Renaissance thanks to the work of artists such as Bellini and Mantegna. Thanks to their work, despite the fact that the architecture served only as a background, they attracted the attention of other artists who put architecture in the center.

Artists called veducionists gained great recognition from the public. In their works, for the first time, the landscape is presented in an objective and „scientific” way. The precursor of objective landscape painting was the Dutchman Gaspar van Wittel, active mainly in Rome, who during his stay in Venice made drawings of the city, later transformed into paintings.

Vedutiste’s works depicting the architecture of Venice were highly sought after by local and foreign clients at the time because of their objectivity.

It was an inspiration for other artists. Among those who took up this style were Canaletto and his nephew Bernardo Belotto, whose work is presented in more detail in Unit 3. The works of the veducionists amazed with the accuracy of details. This was possible thanks to the use of the old invention of the camera obscura in their work.

A camera obscura box with mirror, with an upright projected image at the top